復活節為什么要吃巧克力兔?
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-04-20 06:49 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
As far as holidays go, Easter is second only to Halloween in American candy sales - that's a lot of chocolate bunnies.
 
就節假日而言,復活節的糖果銷量在美國僅次于萬圣節:其中有很多是巧克力兔。
 
Easter - the most spiritually significant holiday of the Christian1 calendar - has always been heavily associated with symbolic2 foods, from lambs to egg-rich celebratory breads. Rabbits, however, are not mentioned in the scriptures3 that recount Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection. And chocolate, a New World food, was not even accessible to the masses until the mid-1800s. So how did chocolate bunnies come to dominate the Easter basket scene? It's a thoroughly4 modern mash-up of commerce, confectionery, and immigration.
 
The observance of Easter includes some elements adapted from pagan traditions celebrating cycles of new life in the springtime, and one of those is the rabbit, an animal known for its crazy-high fertility.
 
Ostara, the Germanic pre-Christian fertility goddess, apparently5 kept a hare as a sidekick. The word for "Easter" (Ostern, in German) is derived6 from her name, and her namesake festival was held around April. Germans came to embrace the fictional7 character Oschter Haws (or osterhause), a rabbit who delivered eggs to children at Easter.
 
The Easter Bunny Museum in the now-defunct Center for Unusual Museums in Munich showcased examples of 19th century Easter rabbits made of cardboard, wood, or fabric8, and some had removable heads to allow for hiding candy inside (these would be the forerunners9 to chocolate bunnies).
 
At the same time, the middle classes of the Western world began enjoying the chocolaty fruits of progress. The Industrial Revolution changed chocolate from a costly10 drink to a cheap solid food. The craft of making the smooth-textured solid chocolate we're familiar with today requires many steps, and those were not possible without mechanization; the first eating (as opposed to drinking) chocolates appeared in Europe in the mid-1800s.
 
The chocolate bunny had yet to cross the Atlantic, though. The Pennsylvania Dutch imported the Oschter Haws, or Easter Hare, who delivered colored eggs to good children. One of the better-known early sightings of chocolate rabbits in America was in 1890, when Pennsylvania shopkeeper Robert L. Strohecker featured a five-foot chocolate rabbit in his drugstore to attract business at Easter. And after that long journey, chocolate rabbits of more manageable proportions eventually became an Easter staple11.


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1 Christian KVByl     
adj.基督教徒的;n.基督教徒
參考例句:
  • They always addressed each other by their Christian name.他們總是以教名互相稱呼。
  • His mother is a sincere Christian.他母親是個虔誠的基督教徒。
2 symbolic ErgwS     
adj.象征性的,符號的,象征主義的
參考例句:
  • It is symbolic of the fighting spirit of modern womanhood.它象征著現代婦女的戰斗精神。
  • The Christian ceremony of baptism is a symbolic act.基督教的洗禮儀式是一種象征性的做法。
3 scriptures 720536f64aa43a43453b1181a16638ad     
經文,圣典( scripture的名詞復數 ); 經典
參考例句:
  • Here the apostle Peter affirms his belief that the Scriptures are 'inspired'. 使徒彼得在此表達了他相信《圣經》是通過默感寫成的。
  • You won't find this moral precept in the scriptures. 你在《圣經》中找不到這種道德規范。
4 thoroughly sgmz0J     
adv.完全地,徹底地,十足地
參考例句:
  • The soil must be thoroughly turned over before planting.一定要先把土地深翻一遍再下種。
  • The soldiers have been thoroughly instructed in the care of their weapons.士兵們都系統地接受過?;の淦韉難盜?。
5 apparently tMmyQ     
adv.顯然地;表面上,似乎
參考例句:
  • An apparently blind alley leads suddenly into an open space.山窮水盡,豁然開朗。
  • He was apparently much surprised at the news.他對那個消息顯然感到十分驚異。
6 derived 6cddb7353e699051a384686b6b3ff1e2     
vi.起源;由來;衍生;導出v.得到( derive的過去式和過去分詞 );(從…中)得到獲得;源于;(從…中)提取
參考例句:
  • Many English words are derived from Latin and Greek. 英語很多詞源出于拉丁文和希臘文。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. 他對文學的愛好是受他父親的影響。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
7 fictional ckEx0     
adj.小說的,虛構的
參考例句:
  • The names of the shops are entirely fictional.那些商店的名字完全是虛構的。
  • The two authors represent the opposite poles of fictional genius.這兩位作者代表了天才小說家兩個極端。
8 fabric 3hezG     
n.織物,織品,布;構造,結構,組織
參考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.這種織品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜歡那塊布料上的圖案。
9 forerunners 5365ced34e1aafb25807c289c4f2259d     
n.先驅( forerunner的名詞復數 );開路人;先兆;前兆
參考例句:
  • Country music was undoubtedly one of the forerunners of rock and roll. 鄉村音樂無疑是搖滾樂的先導之一。
  • Heavy clouds are the forerunners of a storm. 陰云密布是暴風雨的前兆。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
10 costly 7zXxh     
adj.昂貴的,價值高的,豪華的
參考例句:
  • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.維修這么一幢房子一定很昂貴。
  • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.這本詞典很有用,左不過貴了些。
11 staple fGkze     
n.主要產物,常用品,主要要素,原料,訂書釘,鉤環;adj.主要的,重要的;vt.分類
參考例句:
  • Tea is the staple crop here.本地產品以茶葉為大宗。
  • Potatoes are the staple of their diet.土豆是他們的主要食品。
TAG標簽: chocolate rabbit Easter
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