Suzhou Embroidery
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2011-04-26 02:02 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

Suzhou embroidery1(刺繡) , Hunan embroidery, Sichuan embroidery and Guangdong embroidery are the four most famous in China. Suzhou embroidery has a long history. It has been excavated2 in Auspicious3 Tower and Mount Tiger Tower made in Northern Song in Five dynasties. The embroidery was made in rather professional ways, which is believed to be the earliest by now. It is recorded that suzhou embroidery was very prosperous and the art reached perfection after Song dynasty. Each family bred silkworms, made embroidery. There appeared embroidery thread lanes, brocade mills, embroidery flower streets, etc., in the city. That proved the prosperity of suzhou embroidery. Some lived by embroidering4. Daughters in rich families were engaged in it as a way of killing5 time and molding their experiment. That's how "popular embroidery", "boudoir(閨房) embroidery" and "palace embroidery" came into being. Suzhou embroidery in Qing dynasty reached its culmination6. Suzhou was called the "market of embroidery", famous both at home and abroad. There were various ways of knitting and they were applied7 widely. Mountains, rivers, lakes, pavilions(樓閣) , flowers and birds, characters were all embroidered8. Suzhou embroidery was largely needed in the palace. Therefore wonderful and magnificent embroidery sprang up.

At the end of Qin dynasty and the beginning of Ming dynasty, Songtao, an expert at embroidery, renovated9 the traditional way of knitting. Flowers and birds, characters embroidered in new ways, or endowed with new meaning were very characteristic. The image of Lina, the queen of Italy absorbed the theory of chiaroscuro10. Close attention was paid to the vividness of the images. Such embroidery was called "art embroidery" or "emulation11 embroidery". Songtao combined the previous art and his own experience, classified the way of knitting into 18 varieties, as recorded by Zhangsui in a book. Thus the way of knitting was systematized. Her own embroidery won several awards for the country in International Fair.

The pieces of embroidery on characters, animals and flowers, mountains and water are for appreciation12. They can also be made into pictures, book marks, a set of hanging scrolls13, etc. There are also the varieties of embroidery: single-side embroidery, double-side embroidery of different colors. Double-side embroidery, the specific style of suzhou embroidery can be appreciated from both sides. Pictures look exactly the same and wonderful on both sides. Special ways are used in knitting instead of knotting. There the end of silk threads are invisible. It is knitted in the right angle without piercing the other side. Both sides will present the same excellent effect. The Nangjing Bridge, Xiangjun, the peony(牡丹,芍藥) , the cat, the goldfish are the masterpieces in double-side embroidery.



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 embroidery Wjkz7     
n.繡花,刺繡;繡制品
參考例句:
  • This exquisite embroidery won people's great admiration.這件精美的繡品,使人驚嘆不已。
  • This is Jane's first attempt at embroidery.這是簡第一次試著繡花。
2 excavated 3cafdb6f7c26ffe41daf7aa353505858     
v.挖掘( excavate的過去式和過去分詞 );開鑿;挖出;發掘
參考例句:
  • The site has been excavated by archaeologists. 這個遺址已被考古學家發掘出來。
  • The archaeologists excavated an ancient fortress. 考古學家們發掘出一個古堡。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
3 auspicious vu8zs     
adj.吉利的;幸運的,吉兆的
參考例句:
  • The publication of my first book was an auspicious beginning of my career.我的第一本書的出版是我事業吉祥的開始。
  • With favorable weather conditions it was an auspicious moment to set sail.風和日麗,正是揚帆出海的黃道吉日。
4 embroidering fdc8bed218777bd98c3fde7c261249b6     
v.(在織物上)繡花( embroider的現在分詞 );刺繡;對…加以渲染(或修飾);給…添枝加葉
參考例句:
  • He always had a way of embroidering. 他總愛添油加醋。 來自辭典例句
  • Zhao Junxin learned the craft of embroidering from his grandmother. 趙俊信從奶奶那里學到了刺繡的手藝。 來自互聯網
5 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨額利潤;突然賺大錢,發大財
參考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投資者準備清倉以便大賺一筆。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上個周我兄弟在華爾街賺了一大筆。
6 culmination 9ycxq     
n.頂點;最高潮
參考例句:
  • The space race reached its culmination in the first moon walk.太空競爭以第一次在月球行走而達到頂峰。
  • It may truly be regarded as the culmination of classical Greek geometry.這確實可以看成是古典希臘幾何的登峰造級之作。
7 applied Tz2zXA     
adj.應用的;v.應用,適用
參考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算學習應用語言學課程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.這種乳霜最好晚上擦臉用。
8 embroidered StqztZ     
adj.繡花的
參考例句:
  • She embroidered flowers on the cushion covers. 她在這些靠墊套上繡了花。
  • She embroidered flowers on the front of the dress. 她在連衣裙的正面繡花。
9 renovated 0623303c5ec2d1938425e76e30682277     
翻新,修復,整修( renovate的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • He renovated his house. 他翻修了房子。
  • The house has been renovated three years earlier. 這所房子三年前就已翻新。
10 chiaroscuro 4UpyY     
n.明暗對照法
參考例句:
  • Caravaggio is famous for his use of chiaroscuro.卡拉瓦喬以其對明暗對照法的巧妙運用而出名。
  • Master combines elements of traditional chinese painting with western perspectiv,chiaroscuro,and color schemes.大師將中國傳統的繪畫技法與西方的透視法、明暗對照法和顏色組合融為一體。
11 emulation 4p1x9     
n.競爭;仿效
參考例句:
  • The young man worked hard in emulation of his famous father.這位年輕人努力工作,要迎頭趕上他出名的父親。
  • His spirit of assiduous study is worthy of emulation.他刻苦鉆研的精神,值得效法。
12 appreciation Pv9zs     
n.評價;欣賞;感謝;領會,理解;價格上漲
參考例句:
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想對你們所有人表達我的感激和謝意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我將送給他們一筆捐款以感謝他們的幫助。
13 scrolls 3543d1f621679b6ce6ec45f8523cf7c0     
n.(常用于錄寫正式文件的)紙卷( scroll的名詞復數 );卷軸;渦卷形(裝飾);卷形花紋v.(電腦屏幕上)從上到下移動(資料等),卷頁( scroll的第三人稱單數 );(似卷軸般)卷起;(像展開卷軸般地)將文字顯示于屏幕
參考例句:
  • Either turn it off or only pick up selected stuff like wands, rings and scrolls. 把他關掉然后只撿你需要的物品,像是魔杖(wand),戒指(rings)和滾動條(scrolls)。 來自互聯網
  • Ancient scrolls were found in caves by the Dead Sea. 死海旁邊的山洞里發現了古代的卷軸。 來自辭典例句
TAG標簽: China Suzhou embroidery
發表評論
請自覺遵守互聯網相關的政策法規,嚴禁發布色情、暴力、反動的言論。
評價:
表情:
驗證碼:點擊我更換圖片