2006年12月英語六級新題型模擬試題(2)
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大學英語六級新題型考試(二)
COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST
—Band Six—
(6 MSH 2)試題冊(125分鐘)

Part Ⅰ Writing(30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Popularity of Western Holidays. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
1. 一些“洋”節日在中國越來越流行
2. 一些中國傳統節日反倒無人問津
3. 你如何看待這種現象
                                                                   
                                                                    
                                                                    
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.
For questions 14, mark
Y (for YES)if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;
N (for NO)if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG (for NOT GIVEN)if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 510, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

More than 2,300 universities in over 100 countries have introduced Chinese courses to their curricula, and young overseas nationals flock to China each year to learn Chinese. In 2004, the number of international students in China was 400,000, with an annual increase of 20 percent in the past five years, according to the Chinese Ministry1 of Education.
The Rise of China’s Economy
Monsieur Label and his wife, both respected architects living in Paris’ Sixth Quarter, have enrolled2 their daughter in a nearby school where Chinese classes start at kindergarten. Monsieur Label says of China: “I and my colleagues witnessed the country’s amazing development when we attended a recent seminar in Shenzhen. I believe that China is the economic superpower of the future. My wife and I speak French, English and Spanish, but my daughter should also learn Chinese because it will be useful to her when she grows up.”
Since Chinese courses were added to the curricula of 132 French junior and senior high schools their enrollment3 has doubled. That at the Oriental Language and Culture College, one of France’s largest Chinese?teaching colleges, has skyrocketed in recent years, according to Xu Dan, dean of the Chinese Department. She confirms that Chinese and Japanese are now the two most studied Asian languages.
French junior student Beida is totally fluent in Chinese. “I’m learning Chinese because I want to be an international lawyer in China,” he explains.
Young French entrepreneur Patric Penia established his Beiyan Consultancy Company in Paris, and it now works together with China Central Television in introducing French traditions and culture to Chinese audiences. Patric also cooperated with Beijing’s University of Finance and Economics and Central University of Finance and Economics in launching a three-week crash course in Chinese in Beijing. In 2005, he initiated4 the “Chinese people and business management” training course in Paris, which consists of seminars to help French businessmen understand how Chinese business operates.
Germany has also caught on to the benefits of Chinese language learning, and has added Chinese to its high school graduation exams. Many international corporations also hold introductory Chinese courses for employee’s assigned work in China. “English isn’t enough,” says Herr Gerck, president of Siemens China, “We need to equip our staff with the ability to deal with Chinese merchants in their own language.”
In Britain, a Chinese teaching program that will form part of the national curriculum has been formulated5 and approved by the Department of Education and Skills. In the U.S., Chinese is part of the Advance Placement Program for American high school students. This means that students can take college-level Chinese in the same way as they learn French, Spanish and German and gain credits if they get good test results. More than 2,500 primary and high schools now offer AP courses in the Chinese language.
Cultural Echoes
Chinese characters, along with the Confucian philosophy, have always had profound influence on Han cultural circles in Asia, and after a brief hiatus, Chinese language teaching is in demand once more in the ROK, Singapore, Japan and Vietnam.
“Singaporeans rushed to learn English in the 1970s, when it was believed to be the most useful language for the future. Now, in the 21st century, a lack of Chinese-speaking skills is seen as a disadvantage,” says one Singaporean student, who recently graduated from Beijing University with a BA in international relations.
The German ambassador to the ROK once told vice6 minister of Education Zhang Xinsheng: “Nowadays, high school teachers of German and French must also learn Chinese if they want to keep their jobs.”
In the ROK, a high HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi—the Chinese Language Proficiency7 Test taken by non?native speakers) acts as a springboard for jobs and promotions8 in large corporations. The number of colleges offering Chinese language courses in the ROK at present stands at 347, compared to 20 in the 1980s. By the year 2007, Chinese courses will be taught in primary and high schools, according to the ROK minister of Education. In the course of China’s economic boom over the past two decades, a large number of Koreans have immigrated9 to China. Many now have their own businesses, which would have been impossible without a formal grounding in Chinese.
In Thailand, Chinese has eclipsed Japanese to become the second most common second language. “Public interest has moved from Japanese to Chinese,” the Japanese Sankei Shimbun recently reported, “the number of people learning Chinese in Thailand now is tenfold that of ten years ago.”
Indonesian President Suharto’s resignation in 1998 provided the opportunity for a closer relationship between the two nations and for the Indonesian Chinese population to learn Chinese language as well as Chinese traditions. In the belief that “Chinese children should learn Chinese” Indonesian Chinese residents sent their children to schools offering Chinese courses so that they might understand Chinese cultural traditions as well as speak the language. Enrollment at such schools soon skyrocketed, and parents often queued up all night in order to be secure admission for their children.
Why Chinese?
“People around the world are rushing to learn Chinese. This interest can be attributed to China’s economic opportunities and its telling effect on the future” so stated the article China—Embracing the World published in the May issue of The Hindu.
In view of the international demand for Chinese language learning, the Chinese government plans to set up 100 Confucius Institutes around the world. The Confucius Institute is a nonprofit organization whose aim is to promote the Chinese language and culture overseas through Internet or on-campus non-degree courses. The first institute was established in Seoul, ROK in November 2004. Since then branches have been set up in many other countries, including the U.S., Sweden, France and Uzbekistan.
Great hopes have been laid on Chengo (Chinese and English on the Go), an E-language learning system based on pinyin rather than Chinese characters developed by 12 experts from China and the U.S., as a means to help children learn Chinese. This software captures children’s attention with stories, games and animations10 based on the 2008 Olympics.
In order to ensure that there are sufficient teachers to meet the current demand, the Chinese government has set up training centers where overseas teachers of Chinese can attend lectures. It has also launched overseas training courses.
In addition to dispatching Chinese teachers abroad to teach Chinese, the government has also sent over 1,000 professionally qualified11 volunteers to countries in Asia, Europe, America and Africa.
Since Chinese became so popular in the international community, the number of foreign students applying to take the Chinese Language Proficiency Test (HSK) has surged from 21,000 in 1996 to 100,000 in 2004. It is now possible to take the HSK exam, known to candidates as the “Chinese TOEFL”, at 151 local universities or colleges in 34 countries.
The Paris-based Chinese newspaper European Times, which has the highest circulation among Chinese-language newspapers in Europe, released a comment early this year entitled “Develop as Rapidly as the Chinese Economy Booms” that analyzed12 why so many people are rushing to learn Chinese and study in China. Its conclusions were that China’s increasing economic competitiveness and the brilliant future career it offers is a powerful lure13 to mastering Chinese. But it also pointed14 out that learning Chinese is the key to Chinese cultural traditions. After all, what point is there in learning a foreign language if you can’t use it to express knowledge of the culture from which it sprang!

1. This article mainly discusses about the popularity of Chinese in western countries.
2. Monsieur Label and his wife send their children to learn Chinese because they hope that their children can learn as many foreign languages as possible.
3. Many German international corporations hold introductory Chinese courses for employees? assigned work in China because they want their staff become interested in China.
4. In Thailand, the most popular second language nowadays is Chinese.
5. Singaporeans believe that a lack of        -speaking skills is a disadvantage in the 21st century.
6. After the resignation of Indonesian President in 1998, Indonesian Chinese residents sent their children to school offering           in the belief that “Chinese children should learn Chinese”.
7. China’s economic opportunities and its          on the future contributes to people’s interest in learning Chinese.
8. The Confucius Institutes aim at promoting the Chinese language and culture overseas through Internet or                courses.
9. An E-language learning system called Chengo is hopeful to help children learn Chinese for this software captures          with stories, games and animations based on the 2008 Olympics.
10. The popularity of Chinese in the world makes the “Chinese TOFEL”,
the          exam, possible.

Part ⅣReading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)(25 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Many of the workers who served at the World Trade Center after the September eleventh attacks became sick. They breathed a harmful mix of dust, smoke and chemicals in the ruins of the Twin Towers and a third building that fell. Some went days without good protection for their lungs. Five years later, many of the thousands who worked at Ground Zero in the early days after the attacks still have health problems.
Doctors at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City have announced the results of the largest study yet of these workers. The study confirmed high rates of breathing problems in members of the building trades, firefighters, police officers and other workers. Almost seventy percent of the workers in the study had a new or worsened breathing problem. These problems developed during or after their time working in the mountain of wreckage15. About sixty percent still had breathing problems at the time of their examination. The researchers say they decided16 to study the effects on breathing first because other disorders17 might be slower to appear. Mount Sinai says it tested almost twelve thousand people between two thousand two and two thousand four. Eight out of ten of them agreed to have their results used in the report. The new results added strength to a Mount Sinai study released in two thousand four. That study was based on only about one thousand workers.
Some lawmakers have sharply criticized city and state officials for letting workers labor18 at Ground Zero without satisfactory equipment. Officials have also been criticized for saying the air was relatively19 safe. State and federal officials have promised more than fifty million dollars to pay for treatment of the workers. Doctor Robin20 Herbert is one of the directors of the Mount Sinai testing program. She says people are still coming to the hospital for treatment of problems that were caused by the dust at Ground Zero. In her words: “My worry is that money will be gone in a year, and what happens then?”
47. What caused the health problems to workers after the September eleventh attacks according to this passage?
48. Who suffer the breathing problems most according to the latest study?
49. The researchers decided to study the effects on breathing first
because           might appear in a later period of time.
50.          are sharply criticized by some lawmakers because they let workers labor at Ground Zero without satisfactory equipment.
51. What measures have the officials promised to take to deal with the health problem?

 

Section B
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.
With the prospect21 of coal and petroleum22 supplies running out and with air pollution becoming an increasing concern, the major countries of the world are seeking alternate sources of energy. If a means to obtain energy from water, especially from the ocean, can be effected economically, it would provide a never?ending supply of energy, since 70% of the earth’s surface is ocean and another 10% is fresh water in rivers and lakes.
From the beginning of time man has used waterpower as a source of working energy—waterfalls and dams—but these are fresh water sources and are landlocked. The seas have contributed little or nothing in the way of power. The use of temperature variation between currents is one area of exploration. Ocean water is heated by the sun near the equator and drawn23 by the rotation24 of the earth toward the poles, where it cools and drops toward the ocean floor and starts its journey back toward the equator. The differential between the two currents is 1℃ and 7℃. To use it, the scientists must find the places where they run near land and are not too far away from each other.
America, the greatest consumer of energy, has been working on another kind of thermal25 sea energy proposal. One plan would somewhat resemble the operation of a refrigerator on a vast scale. Warm water would be the heat source, cold water the heat sink. A component26 such as fog would be liquid at a cold temperature and turn to gas as it warmed.
Oceans also offer wave power, tides and the chemical reaction of salt water as potential sources of energy. All these uses are theoretically possible. Britain is interested in wave power, using a string of “tear drop” devices that depend on very active wave areas at 100 feet depths. In addition to this, the British are working on a method that the Japanese have already put into practical use on a small scale for powering their navigational boats. This method is called an oscillating(振蕩) water column and rides the waves with a series of cylinders27(氣缸) having one?way air valves. Wave movement produces air under pressure that has only one escape route—to a turbine(渦輪) that powers a generator28.
52. The use of water referred in this passage is         .
A) a new concept compared with other ways of natural resources
B) less expensive than petroleum and other means of energies
C) now being used more from the ocean than from rivers and lakes
D) being developed to supplement other sources of energy
53. In the matter of developing energy from ocean water, Britain is         .
A) working on an old Japanese method
B) the most advanced country in the field
C) following the lead of the United states
D) consolidating29 their work with operations
54. The development of oceanic water power is important to America because          .
A) there is a severe shortage of coal and petroleum
B) it is the cheapest method of producing energy
C) petroleum supplies are being steadily30 drained
D) obtaining energy from ocean water are simpler
55. Getting energy from the ocean is important to         .
A) Russia because of its limited coal and petroleum resources on land
B) America because it is the greatest consumer of energy in the world
C) Asia because most of Asian countries lack other sources of energy
D) South America because a great part of the population is very poor
56. The oscillating water column produces power from          .
A) the turbine that powers the generator
B) the generator that produces electricity
C) the cylinders that drives the turbine
D) the air that escapes from the turbine

Passage Two
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
The civilization(文化) of the Renaissance31 was the creation of prosperous cities and of rulers who drew substantial income from their urban subjects in the Italian city states and the countries of England and France. The commerce that kept cities alive also provided the capital and the flow of ideas that helped build Renaissance culture. During the early Middle Ages foreign trade had virtually come to a halt. By the 11th century, however, population growth and contact with other cultures through military efforts such as the Crusades(十字軍東征) helped revive commercial activity. Trade slowly increased with the exchange of luxury goods in the Mediterranean32 region and various commodities such as fish, furs, and metals across the North and Baltic seas. Commerce soon moved inland, bringing new opulence33 to the citizens of towns along major trade routes. As traffic along these routes increased, existing settlements grew and new ones were established.
The cities of Italy were located between western Europe and the area along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea known as the Levant. Italy’s leadership in the Renaissance was due in part to its central location for trade. The cities became important and wealthy commercial centers, and the riches collected by the merchants of Venice, Genoa, Milan, and a host of smaller cities supported Italy’s political and cultural achievements.
Important towns developed beyond Italy as well. Especially with the expansion of trade, towns grew along the Danube and Rhine rivers of Europe; around the North Sea and the Baltic Sea; and in the Low Countries of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands where northern and southern trade routes met. Wherever these towns were located, they became a unique element in a medieval world that up to this time was dominated by seignorialism(領主制), an agricultural system in which the primary economic and political relationship was between landowners and their tenants34.
57. The Renaissance         .
A) was an ideological35 movement throughout the world
B) took place in Italy only
C) was originated in Italy
D) was influential36 in most European countries
58. The commerce         .
A) was an important element in building the Renaissance culture
B) kept the people in cities alive with food and clothes
C) brought about the exchange of ideas
D) was always prosperous between city states
59. The location of the important cities shares a similarity that          .
A) they are all Italian cities
B) they are all located by important routes
C) they are all prosperous with commerce
D) they are all located by seaside
60. The most probable meaning of the word “opulence” (Line 9,Para.1)may be         .
A) technologiesB) commercial means
C) cultureD) prosperity
61. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A) Italy was merely an important cultural center during the Renaissance.
B) During the Middle Ages, foreign trade once was stopped.
C) The development of cities had great bearings to commerce.
D) Geographical37 locations were significant in the booming of cities.

Part ⅤError Correction(15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark(∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and  put a slash38 (/) in the blank.
The problems which face with learners of English can       62       
be divided into three categories: psychological, culture,          63       
and linguistic39. The largest category seems to be linguistic.
When foreign learners first have the opportunity to speak to
a native speaker of English, they may have a shock: they
often have little difficulty in understanding spoken English        64       
of native speakers. There are a number of reasons to this.         65       
First, it seems to students that English people speak very         66        
quickly. Secondly40, they say with a variety of accents.
Thirdly, different styles of speech are used in different
situations, for example, everyday spoken English, which is
colloquial41 and idiomatic42, are different from the English          67       
used for academic purposes. For all of these reasons
students will have difficulty, mainly because we lack            68        
practice in listening to English people speaking English.          
What can a student do then to overcome these
difficulties?Well, obviously, he can benefit in attending
English classes and he should take every opportunity
available to speak with native speakers of English. He
should be aware of, however, that English people are, by         70        
temperament43, often reserved and may be willing to start a        71        
conversation. So he should have the courage to take the
initiative (主動).

Part ⅥTranslation(5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the following sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
72. If you get into a bath full of water          (有一部分水就會漫到地上).
73. The tendency of a boy to become attached to his mother and to resent his father          (被稱作) the “Oedipus Complex”.
74. He is a disgusting man who is fond of          (向別人的妻子獻殷勤).
75. The medicine          (治愈了她的慢性咳嗽) which she had suffered 20 years.
76. Their findings          (揭示了)the burial customs of the Indian tribes of that area.

參考答案:

Part Writing

The Popularity of Western Holidays

It seems that some western holidays are getting more and more popular in China. For example, weeks before Christmas, countless44 shops, restaurants and hotels have got ready with Christmas decorations. However, certain traditional Chinese festivals are being neglected.

In fact, the western festivals are celebrated45 in China quite differently from in the West. For example, Christmas in the western world is mainly a spiritual festival. Then why have the western holidays taken root in China? The chief reason is that businessmen know that they can make money by producing holiday goods or encouraging extra dining and celebrating. 

I think the popularity of western holidays does indicate the success of the economic reform. Certainly economic development has brought extra money to many, people in China have obviously more money than they used to. But we shouldnt waste our money on useless things.So, we should not be led by those profit happy businessmen, rather, we should take the opportunity to relax and enjoy ourselves. Remember that holiday means happiness, not spending.

 

Part Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

1. N    2. N    3. N     4. Y     5. Chinese

6. Chinese courses

7. telling effect。

8. on-campus  non-degree

9. childrens attention

10. HSK

 

Part Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)

Section A

47 A harmful mix of dust, smoke and chemicals in the ruins.

48 The building trades, firefighters, police officers and other workers.

49 other disorders

50 City and state officials

51 To pay more than fifty million dollars for treatment of the workers.

 

Section B

Passage One

52. D    53. A     54. C     55. B     56. D

 Passage Two

57. D    58. C     59. C     60. D     61. A

Part  Error Correction

62. with/

63. culturecultural

64. littlemuch/great

65. tofor

66. sayspeak

67. areis

68. wethey

69. infrom

70. of/

71. willingunwilling

 

Part Translation

72. some of the water will overflow46 onto the floor

73. is referred to as

74. paying compliments to other mens wives

75. cured the old woman of her chronic47 cough

76. threw light upon



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧師
參考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他們派了一個代表團到部里投訴。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我們調查了空軍部的記錄。
2 enrolled ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8     
adj.入學登記了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的過去式和過去分詞 );登記,招收,使入伍(或入會、入學等),參加,成為成員;記入名冊;卷起,包起
參考例句:
  • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 從入學時起,他們就一直努力學習。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在職業介紹所登了記以謀求一個教師的職位。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
3 enrollment itozli     
n.注冊或登記的人數;登記
參考例句:
  • You will be given a reading list at enrollment.注冊時你會收到一份閱讀書目。
  • I just got the enrollment notice from Fudan University.我剛剛接到復旦大學的入學通知書。
4 initiated 9cd5622f36ab9090359c3cf3ca4ddda3     
n. 創始人 adj. 新加入的 vt. 開始,創始,啟蒙,介紹加入
參考例句:
  • He has not yet been thoroughly initiated into the mysteries of computers. 他對計算機的奧秘尚未入門。
  • The artist initiated the girl into the art world in France. 這個藝術家介紹這個女孩加入巴黎藝術界。
5 formulated cfc86c2c7185ae3f93c4d8a44e3cea3c     
v.構想出( formulate的過去式和過去分詞 );規劃;確切地闡述;用公式表示
參考例句:
  • He claims that the writer never consciously formulated his own theoretical position. 他聲稱該作家從未有意識地闡明他自己的理論見解。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • This idea can be formulated in two different ways. 這個意思可以有兩種說法。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
6 vice NU0zQ     
n.壞事;惡習;[pl.]臺鉗,老虎鉗;adj.副的
參考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上壞習慣。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他們墮入了罪惡的深淵。
7 proficiency m1LzU     
n.精通,熟練,精練
參考例句:
  • He plied his trade and gained proficiency in it.他勤習手藝,技術漸漸達到了十分嫻熟的地步。
  • How do you think of your proficiency in written and spoken English?你認為你的書面英語和口語熟練程度如何?
8 promotions ea6aeb050f871384f25fba9c869cfe21     
促進( promotion的名詞復數 ); 提升; 推廣; 宣傳
參考例句:
  • All services or promotions must have an appeal and wide application. 所有服務或促銷工作都必須具有吸引力和廣泛的適用性。
  • He promptly directed the highest promotions and decorations for General MacArthur. 他授予麥克阿瑟將軍以最高的官階和勛獎。
9 immigrated a70310c0c8ae40c26c39d8d0d0f7bb0d     
v.移入( immigrate的過去式和過去分詞 );移民
參考例句:
  • He immigrated from Ulster in 1848. 他1848年從阿爾斯特移民到這里。 來自辭典例句
  • Many Pakistanis have immigrated to Britain. 許多巴基斯坦人移居到了英國。 來自辭典例句
10 animations f2613ee5e6671fc93ff41adcf6fefc2b     
n.生氣( animation的名詞復數 );興奮;動畫片;(指電影、錄像、電腦游戲的)動畫制作
參考例句:
  • You'll see your team cheerleaders and mascot performing new animations as well. 你會看到啦啦隊隊長跟吉祥物也都會有全新的動作。 來自互聯網
  • Ability to create simple movie and animations using graphic & multimedia software. 能夠用平面和多媒體軟件制作簡單的電影及動畫。 來自互聯網
11 qualified DCPyj     
adj.合格的,有資格的,勝任的,有限制的
參考例句:
  • He is qualified as a complete man of letters.他有資格當真正的文學家。
  • We must note that we still lack qualified specialists.我們必須看到我們還缺乏有資質的專家。
12 analyzed 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80     
v.分析( analyze的過去式和過去分詞 );分解;解釋;對…進行心理分析
參考例句:
  • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 醫生們分析了貧血的血樣。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 這年輕人沒有分析自己蠱惑著迷的過程,因為對他來說,愛是個不可分析的迷。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
13 lure l8Gz2     
n.吸引人的東西,誘惑物;vt.引誘,吸引
參考例句:
  • Life in big cities is a lure for many country boys.大城市的生活吸引著許多鄉下小伙子。
  • He couldn't resist the lure of money.他不能抵制金錢的誘惑。
14 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了當的
參考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他給我一支削得非常尖的鉛筆。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通過對達茨伍德夫人提出直截了當的邀請向她的哥哥表示出來。
15 wreckage nMhzF     
n.(失事飛機等的)殘骸,破壞,毀壞
參考例句:
  • They hauled him clear of the wreckage.他們把他從形骸中拖出來。
  • New states were born out of the wreckage of old colonial empires.新生國家從老殖民帝國的廢墟中誕生。
16 decided lvqzZd     
adj.決定了的,堅決的;明顯的,明確的
參考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
17 disorders 6e49dcafe3638183c823d3aa5b12b010     
n.混亂( disorder的名詞復數 );凌亂;騷亂;(身心、機能)失調
參考例句:
  • Reports of anorexia and other eating disorders are on the increase. 據報告,厭食癥和其他飲食方面的功能紊亂發生率正在不斷增長。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The announcement led to violent civil disorders. 這項宣布引起劇烈的騷亂。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
18 labor P9Tzs     
n.勞動,努力,工作,勞工;分娩;vi.勞動,努力,苦干;vt.詳細分析;麻煩
參考例句:
  • We are never late in satisfying him for his labor.我們從不延誤付給他勞動報酬。
  • He was completely spent after two weeks of hard labor.艱苦勞動兩周后,他已經疲憊不堪了。
19 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比較...地,相對地
參考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相對較新引入澳大利亞的物種。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手術相對來說不痛。
20 robin Oj7zme     
n.知更鳥,紅襟鳥
參考例句:
  • The robin is the messenger of spring.知更鳥是報春的使者。
  • We knew spring was coming as we had seen a robin.我們看見了一只知更鳥,知道春天要到了。
21 prospect P01zn     
n.前景,前途;景色,視野
參考例句:
  • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect.事態呈現出可喜的前景。
  • The prospect became more evident.前景變得更加明朗了。
22 petroleum WiUyi     
n.原油,石油
參考例句:
  • The Government of Iran advanced the price of petroleum last week.上星期伊朗政府提高了石油價格。
  • The purpose of oil refinery is to refine crude petroleum.煉油廠的主要工作是提煉原油。
23 drawn MuXzIi     
v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.憔悴的,緊張的
參考例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的所有人物都取材于生活。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光禁不住被外面的風景所吸引。
24 rotation LXmxE     
n.旋轉;循環,輪流
參考例句:
  • Crop rotation helps prevent soil erosion.農作物輪作有助于防止水土流失。
  • The workers in this workshop do day and night shifts in weekly rotation.這個車間的工人上白班和上夜班每周輪換一次。
25 thermal 8Guyc     
adj.熱的,由熱造成的;保暖的
參考例句:
  • They will build another thermal power station.他們要另外建一座熱能發電站。
  • Volcanic activity has created thermal springs and boiling mud pools.火山活動產生了溫泉和沸騰的泥漿池。
26 component epSzv     
n.組成部分,成分,元件;adj.組成的,合成的
參考例句:
  • Each component is carefully checked before assembly.每個零件在裝配前都經過仔細檢查。
  • Blade and handle are the component parts of a knife.刀身和刀柄是一把刀的組成部分。
27 cylinders fd0c4aab3548ce77958c1502f0bc9692     
n.圓筒( cylinder的名詞復數 );圓柱;汽缸;(尤指用作容器的)圓筒狀物
參考例句:
  • They are working on all cylinders to get the job finished. 他們正在竭盡全力爭取把這工作干完。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • That jeep has four cylinders. 那輛吉普車有4個汽缸。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
28 generator Kg4xs     
n.發電機,發生器
參考例句:
  • All the while the giant generator poured out its power.巨大的發電機一刻不停地發出電力。
  • This is an alternating current generator.這是一臺交流發電機。
29 consolidating 6c04b889a235c3f1fd1ba84bc5ca1f80     
v.(使)鞏固, (使)加強( consolidate的現在分詞 );(使)合并
參考例句:
  • These measures are meant for consolidating the system of basic medical care. 這些舉措旨在夯實基層醫療體系,讓老百姓看大病不必出遠門。 來自互聯網
  • We are consolidating the Chinese and English versions of our homepage. 我們將為您提供中英文版本一起的主頁。 來自互聯網
30 steadily Qukw6     
adv.穩定地;不變地;持續地
參考例句:
  • The scope of man's use of natural resources will steadily grow.人類利用自然資源的廣度將日益擴大。
  • Our educational reform was steadily led onto the correct path.我們的教學改革慢慢上軌道了。
31 renaissance PBdzl     
n.復活,復興,文藝復興
參考例句:
  • The Renaissance was an epoch of unparalleled cultural achievement.文藝復興是一個文化上取得空前成就的時代。
  • The theme of the conference is renaissance Europe.大會的主題是文藝復興時期的歐洲。
32 Mediterranean ezuzT     
adj.地中海的;地中海沿岸的
參考例句:
  • The houses are Mediterranean in character.這些房子都屬地中海風格。
  • Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean.直布羅陀是地中海的要沖。
33 opulence N0TyJ     
n.財富,富裕
參考例句:
  • His eyes had never beheld such opulence.他從未見過這樣的財富。
  • He owes his opulence to work hard.他的財富乃辛勤工作得來。
34 tenants 05662236fc7e630999509804dd634b69     
n.房客( tenant的名詞復數 );佃戶;占用者;占有者
參考例句:
  • A number of tenants have been evicted for not paying the rent. 許多房客因不付房租被趕了出來。
  • Tenants are jointly and severally liable for payment of the rent. 租金由承租人共同且分別承擔。
35 ideological bq3zi8     
a.意識形態的
參考例句:
  • He always tries to link his study with his ideological problems. 他總是把學習和自己的思想問題聯系起來。
  • He helped me enormously with advice on how to do ideological work. 他告訴我怎樣做思想工作,對我有很大幫助。
36 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影響的,有權勢的
參考例句:
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他總是試圖巴結最有影響的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是個很有影響的人物。
37 geographical Cgjxb     
adj.地理的;地區(性)的
參考例句:
  • The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.當前的調查將在更廣泛的地域范圍內進行。
  • These birds have a wide geographical distribution.這些鳥的地理分布很廣。
38 slash Hrsyq     
vi.大幅度削減;vt.猛砍,尖銳抨擊,大幅減少;n.猛砍,斜線,長切口,衣衩
參考例句:
  • The shop plans to slash fur prices after Spring Festival.該店計劃在春節之后把皮貨降價。
  • Don't slash your horse in that cruel way.不要那樣殘忍地鞭打你的馬。
39 linguistic k0zxn     
adj.語言的,語言學的
參考例句:
  • She is pursuing her linguistic researches.她在從事語言學的研究。
  • The ability to write is a supreme test of linguistic competence.寫作能力是對語言能力的最高形式的測試。
40 secondly cjazXx     
adv.第二,其次
參考例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,動腦筋提出自己的見解。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需要確定所作用的載荷。
41 colloquial ibryG     
adj.口語的,會話的
參考例句:
  • It's hard to understand the colloquial idioms of a foreign language.外語里的口頭習語很難懂。
  • They have little acquaintance with colloquial English. 他們對英語會話幾乎一竅不通。
42 idiomatic ob8xN     
adj.成語的,符合語言習慣的
參考例句:
  • In our reading we should always be alert for idiomatic expressions.我們在閱讀過程中應經常注意慣用法。
  • In his lecture,he bore down on the importance of idiomatic usage in a language.他在演講中著重強調了語言中習慣用法的重要性。
43 temperament 7INzf     
n.氣質,性格,性情
參考例句:
  • The analysis of what kind of temperament you possess is vital.分析一下你有什么樣的氣質是十分重要的。
  • Success often depends on temperament.成功常常取決于一個人的性格。
44 countless 7vqz9L     
adj.無數的,多得不計其數的
參考例句:
  • In the war countless innocent people lost their lives.在這場戰爭中無數無辜的人喪失了性命。
  • I've told you countless times.我已經告訴你無數遍了。
45 celebrated iwLzpz     
adj.有名的,聲譽卓著的
參考例句:
  • He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.不久他就成了英格蘭最負盛名的年輕畫家之一。
  • The celebrated violinist was mobbed by the audience.觀眾團團圍住了這位著名的小提琴演奏家。
46 overflow fJOxZ     
v.(使)外溢,(使)溢出;溢出,流出,漫出
參考例句:
  • The overflow from the bath ran on to the floor.浴缸里的水溢到了地板上。
  • After a long period of rain,the river may overflow its banks.長時間的下雨天后,河水可能溢出岸來。
47 chronic BO9zl     
adj.(疾病)長期未愈的,慢性的;極壞的
參考例句:
  • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饑荒不同于慢性營養不良。
  • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虛弱導致死亡。
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