Part ⅠListening Comprehension(20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o’clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
A) 2 hours
B) 3 hours
C) 4 hours
D) 5 hours
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)“5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］ ［C］ ［D］
1.A) The man should try to be more understanding.
B) The man’s wife should be more understanding.
C) The man’s negative attitude may be derived1 from his childhood.
D) The pessimism2 of man’s wife may be the result of her past experiences.
2.A) A snowstorm.B) An earthquake.C) A traffic accident.D) A hurricane.
3.A) The two speakers are classmates.
B) The man is majoring in elementary education.
C) The woman is majoring in elementary education.
D) The two speakers got to know each other in a class.
4.A) She’s got a stomachache.
B) She feels perfectly3 fine.
C) She’s going to get married.
D) She’s going to have a baby.
5.A) It is the best city he’s ever visited.
B) It was worse than he had expected.
C) It is difficult to get around in the city.
D) The hotel service is terrible in the city.
6.A) To encourage them.
B) To stop them immediately.
C) To give some explanation.
D) To leave them alone.
7.A) Unemployment.B) Family breakup.C) Mental problems.D) Drinking.
8.A) The woman is the man’s boss.
B) The man is the woman’s husband.
C) The woman is the headmaster of a school.
D) The woman wants to know something about a student.
9.A) They are attending a concert.
B) They are negotiating about a price.
C) They are planning to go for a date.
D) They are buying something for their firm.
10.A) The man is a football fan.
B) The man needs the woman’s help.
C) The man didn’t watch TV last night.
D) The man often has power failure at home.
In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (11); that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12) thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (13) clothes?
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14). A person’s self?concept is (15) in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16). In general, the way people think about themselves has a (17) effect on all areas of their lives.
Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18). A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:“you’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.”(19).
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20). People’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy4.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Every profession or trade, every art, and every science has its technical vocabulary. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts, and other vocations6, like farming and fishery, that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary, is very old. It consists largely of native words, or of borrowed words that have worked themselves into the very fiber7 of our language. Hence, though highly technical in many particulars, these vocabularies are more familiar in sound, and more generally understood, than most other technicalities. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity, and philosophy have also, in their older strata8, become pretty familiar to cultivated persons and have contributed much to the popular vocabulary. Yet every vocation5 still possesses a large body of technical terms that remain essentially9 foreign, even to educated speech. And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts. Here new terms are coined with the greatest freedom, and abandoned with indifference10 when they have served their turn. Most of the new coinages are confined to special discussions, and seldom get into general literature or conversation. Yet no profession is nowadays, as all professions once were, a close guild11 （行會）. The lawyer, the physician, the man of science, the divine, associated freely with his fellow-creatures, and does not meet them in a merely professional way. Furthermore, what is called "popular science" makes everybody acquainted with modern views and recent discoveries. Any important experiment, though made in a remote or provincial12 laboratory, is at once reported in the newspapers, and everybody is soon talking about it as in the case of the Roentgen rays and wireless13 telegraphy. Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace.
21.Special words used in technical discussion.
A) never last long
B) should be confined to scientific fields
C) may become part of common speech
D) are considered artificial language speech
22.It is true that.
A) everyone is interested in scientific findings
B) the average man often uses in his own vocabulary what was once technical language not meant for him
C) an educated person would be expected to know most technical terms
D) various professions and occupations often interchange their dialects and jargons
23.In recent years,there has been a marked increase in the number of technical terms in the terminology14 of.
A) fishery B) farming C) government D) sports
24.The writer of the article was, undoubtedly15 .
A) a linguist B) an attorney C) a scientist D) an essayist
25.The author’s main purpose in the passage is to.
A) describe a phenomenon
B) propose a solution
C) be entertaining
D) argue a belief
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
An important new industry, oil refining, grew after the Civil War. Crude oil, or petroleum16—a dark, thick ooze（滲出物，分泌物）from the earth—had been known for hundreds of years. But little use had ever been made of it. In the 1850’s Samuel M. Kier, a manufacturer in western Pennsylvania, began collecting the oil from local seepage17 and refining it into kerosene18. Refining, like smelting19, is a process of removing impurities20 from a raw material.
Kerosene was used to light lamps. It was a cheap substitute for whale oil, which was becoming harder to get. Soon there was a large demand for kerosene. People began to search for new supplies of petroleum.
The first oil well was drilled by E.L.Drake,a retired21 railroad conductor.In 1859he began drilling in Titusville,Pennsylvania.The whole venture seemed so impractical22 and foolish that onlookers23 called it"Drake’s Folly24."But when he had drilled down about 70 feet(21 meters),Drake struck oil.His well began to yield 20 barrels of crude oil a day.
News of Drake’s success brought oil prospectors25 to the scene. By the early 1860’s these wildcatters were drilling for "black gold" all over western Pennsylvania. The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement and Wild West atmosphere. And it brought far more wealth to the prospectors than any gold rush.
Crude oil could be refined into many products. For some years kerosene continued to be the principal one. It was sold in grocery stores and door-to-door. In the 1880’s and 1890’s refiners learned how to make other products such as waxes and lubricating oils. Petroleum was not then used to make gasoline or heating oil.
26.According to the passage, many people initially26 thought that E. L. Drake had made a mistake by .
A) moving Pennsylvania
B) retiring from his job
C) searching for oil
D) going on a whaling expedition
27.According to the passage, what is "black gold"?
A) gold ore B) stolen money C) whale oil D) crude oil
28.Why does the author mention the California gold rush?
A) To indicate the extent of United States mineral wealth.
B) To argue that gold was more valuable than oil.
C) To describe the mood when oil was first discovered.
D) To explain the need for an increased supply of gold.
29.The author mentions all of the following as possible products of crude oil EXCEPT.
A) gasoline B) kerosene C) wax D) plastic
30.What might be the best title for the passage?
A) Oil Refining: A Historical Perspective.
B) Kerosene Lamps: A Light in the Tunnel.
C) The California Gold Rush: Get Rich Quickly.
D) Private Property: Trespassers Will Be Prosecuted27.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
For about three centuries we have been doing science, trying science out, using science for the construction of what we call modern civilization. Every dispensable item of contemporary technology, from canal locks to dial telephones to penicillin28, was pieced together from the analysis of data provided by one or another series of scientific experiments. Three hundred years seems a long time for testing a new approach to human interliving, long enough to settle back for critical appraisal29 of the scientific method, maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.
Voices have been raised in protest since the beginning, rising in pitch and violence in the nineteenth century during the early stages of the industrial revolution, summoning urgent crowds into the streets any day these days on the issue of nuclear energy. Give it back, say some of the voices, it doesn’t really work, we’ve tried it and it doesn’t work, go back three hundred years and start again on something else less chancy for the race of man.
The principle discoveries in this century, taking all in all, are the glimpses of the depth of our ignorance about nature. Things that used to seem clear and rational, matters of absolute certainty-Newtonian mechanics, for example-have slipped through our fingers, and we are left with a new set of gigantic puzzles, cosmic uncertainties30, ambiguities31; some of the laws of physics are amended32 every few years, some are canceled outright33, some undergo revised versions of legislative34 intent as if they were acts of Congress.
Just thirty years ago we call it a biological revolution when the fantastic geometry of the DNA35 molecule36 was exposed to public view and the linear language of genetics was decoded37. For a while, things seemed simple and clear, the cell was a neat little machine, a mechanical device ready for taking to pieces and reassembling, like a tiny watch. But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today’s imagining.
It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do. What lies ahead, or what can lie ahead if the efforts in basic research are continued, is much more than the conquest of human disease or the improvement of agricultural technology or the cultivation38 of nutrients39 in the sea. As we learn more about fundamental processes of living things in general we will learn more about ourselves.
31.What can’ t be inferred from the 1st paragraph?
A) Scientific experiments in the past three hundred years have produced many valuable items.
B) For three hundred years there have been people holding hostile attitude toward science.
C) Modern civilization depends on science so man supports scientific progress unanimously.
D) Three hundred years is not long enough to settle back critical appraisal of scientific method.
32.The principle discovery in this century shows .
A) man has overthrown41 Newton’ s laws of physics
B) man has solved a new set of gigantic puzzles
C) man has lost many scientific discoveries
D) man has given up some of the once accepted theories
33.Now scientists have found in the past few years.
A) the exposure of DNA to the public is unnecessary
B) the tiny cell in DNA is a neat little machine
C) man knows nothing about DNA
D) man has much to learn about DNA
34.The writer’s main purpose in writing the passage is to say that .
A) science is just at its beginning
B) science has greatly improved man’s life
C) science has made profound progress
D) science has done too little to human beings
35.The writer’s attitude towards science is .
A) critical B) approving C) neutral D) regretful
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Efforts to educate people about the risks of substance abuse（毒品濫用）seem to deter42 some people from using dangerous substances, if such efforts are realistic about what is genuinely dangerous and what is not. Observed declines in the use of such drugs as LSD, PCP, and quaaludes since the early 1970s are probably related to increased awareness43 of the risks of their use, and some of this awareness was the result of warnings about these drugs in " underground "papers read by drug users. Such sources are influential44, because they do not give a simple "all drugs are terrible for you" message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed45. This is illustrated46 by the popularity among young marijuana users of Reefer Madness, a widely unrealistic propaganda film against marijuana made in the 1930s. This film made the rounds of college campuses in the 1970s and joined rock music videos on cable television’s MTV in the 1980s. Instead of deterring47 marijuana use, it became a cult（風靡一時的）film among users, many of whom got high to watch it.
Although persuasion48 can work for some people if it is balanced and reasonable, other people seem immune to the most reasoned educational efforts. Millions have started smoking even though the considerable health risks of smoking have been well known and publicized for years. Moreover, the usefulness of education lies in primary prevention: prevention of abuse among those who presently have no problem. Hence, Bomier’s contention49 that "if the Pepsi generation can be persuaded to drink pop wine, they can be persuaded not to drink it while driving" is probably not correct, since most drunken driving is done by people who already have significant drinking problems, and hence seem not to be dissuaded50 even by much stronger measures such as loss of a driver’s license51.
36.According to the passage, up to now, antidrug education.
A) has made all people see the danger of drugs
B) has succeeded in dissuading52 people from using drugs
C) has been effective only to a certain degree
D) has proved to be a total failure
37.The film "Reefer Madness" mentioned in the passage.
A) effectively deterred53 marijuana use
B) was rejected by young marijuana users
C) did not picture the danger of marijuana realistically
D) was welcomed by marijuana users because it told them how to get high
38.The message "all drugs are terrible for you" is not influential because.
A) it ignores the fact that drugs vary greatly in danger
B) it gives a false account of the risks of drug use
C) some drugs are good for health
D) it does not appear in underground papers
39.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) Even balanced and reasonable antidrug persuasion is influential only to some people.
B) Most drug users are ignorant of the danger of drugs.
C) Punishments such as loss of a driver’s license do not seem to be an effective way to stop drunken driving.
D) Primary prevention is a useful principle to be followed in antidrug education.
40.The best title for the passage would be .
A) Are All Drugs Terrible for You?
B) Do People Believe What Underground Papers Say?
C) Is There an Increased Awareness of the Risks of Drugs?
D) Can Persuasion Reduce Drug Abuse?
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.The British Library the right to a free copy of every new book published in the United Kingdom.
A) contains B) retires C) retains D) conveys
42.The secretary the foreign minister an interview he was to give that afternoon.
A) reminded … of
43. The way other people behave towards us influences how we ourselves.
A) conceive of B) consist of C) confront with D) conform to
44. I suppose some people create an idea of who they want to be and, they it.
A) work …over B) bear…out C) live…out D) get over
45.With the economy of the country growing strong, the mood is one of optimism .
A) presiding B) circulating C) floating D) prevailing
46. These technological54 advances in communication have the way people do business.
A) revolted B) represented C) adopted D) transformed
47. The workers of the textile mill that trade union leaders be elected from the workshops .
A) urged B) related C) combated D) adapted
48. It is a of our company to give refunds55 if goods are faulty.
A) policy B) discipline C) decision D) determination
49. friends helped him to get appointed ambassador to France .
A) Efficient B) Influential C) Impressive D) Effective
50.Their ambitious schemes for making money quickly.
A) took a chance
B) came to nothing
C) went into action
D) got to the point
51.She knew who wrote the letter, so without opening it she tore it into pieces.
A) in excitement
B) in disappointment
C) in disgust
D) in expectation
52.He had always been the way Ruth looked, and had never once paid her a compliment .
A) oblivious56 to B) guilty of C) wary57 of D) subject to
53.Familarity with a wide range of idiomatic58 expressions, and the ability to use them appropriately, are among the distinguishing marks of a native like command of English.
A) in context B) in practice C) in place D) in case
54.We are still things here, but I can’t guarantee the situation will stay that way.
A) in memory of
B) in search of
C) in control of
D) in need of
55.Democratic government is a phrase that is notoriously hard to.
A) credit B) defy C) modify D) define
56.Bill is rich. His house is full of such as expensive high-tech59 video systems and all the latest computer equipment.
A) luxuries B) festivities C) dimensions D) instruments
57.She is quite capable, but the problem is that she is not.
A) consistent B) insistent60 C) beneficent D) resistant
58.Based on the that every business is now free to formulate61 its own strategy in light of the changing market, I would predict a market improvement in the efficiency of China’s economy.
A) guidance B) instruction C . premise62 D) eminence
59.Nurses should do all they can to make their patients feel .
A .on board B) at ease C) at leisure D) at heart
60.The accused was to have been the leader of the plot to overthrow40 the government.
A) reconciled B) blended C) alleged63 D) referred
61. She the letter, put it in the envelope and handed it to her father.
A) folded B) wrapped C) rolled D) slided
62. In the last century, new drugs have improved health throughout the world.
A) inconsistently B) supposedly C) notedly D) markedly
63. Now a paper argues that organic chemicals in the rock come mostly from on earth rather than bacteria on Mars.
64. When he went to the airport for the ticket, Tom suddenly realized that his passport had for half a year.
A) abolished B) expired C) amended D) constrained
65. Since the information was easily, we found it immediately.
A) acceptable B) accessory C) accessible D) possible
66.There is no known cure for SARS, but doctors are developing ways to help sufferers it.
A) retard64 B) eliminate C) dispense65 D) handle
67. She was her brains to remember the man’s time, but her bad memory failed her.
A) hitting B) beating C) racking D) exhausting
68. Many apartments have doors with a security window so that one may outside and observe visitors without being seen.
A) peer B) peek66 C) peel D) pile
69. French cars are more elegantly styled than their British .
A) counterparts B) equals C) ones D) copies
70. After failing his driving test four times, he finally trying to pass.
A) gave up B) gave away C) gave off D) gave in
Part Ⅳ Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions:This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to add a word, cross out a word, or change a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you cross out a word, put a slash67 in the blank.
The place of the child in society has varied68 for thousands of
years and has been effected by different cultures and religions.In 71___.
ancient times unwanted children were occasionally abandoned,
put to death, exploiting or offered for religious sacrifices, and in 72___.
any event a large percentage of them didn’t survive their physi
cally hazardous70 existence to reach to maturity71. 73___.
In western civilization within the last few hundred years,
there have been many changes in attitude with the young. In agri 74___.
cultural Europe, and later with the beginning of the Industrial
Revolution, the children of the poor work long hours for little or 75___.
no pay, and there was no public concern on their safety or welfare 76___.
punishment could be brutal72 and severe.
By the eighteenth century the harsh and severe methods be
gan to show any change. Society slowly accorded(給予) children 77___.
a role of importance. Books were written expressly for them and
gradually laws were passing for their protection. Efforts were 78___.
made to create for them a life better than their parents! 79___.
In the past few decades parents have become more and more
attentive73 for the needs of their children.Better health care is avail
able and education is no longer reserving for the children from 80___.
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Economic Development and Moral Decline
1.M:I couldn’t put up with my wife any longer. I don’t know why she usually wants to look at everything in such a negative way.
W:Maybe you should try to get to know something about her childhood.
Q:What does the woman mean?
2.M:Lucy, could you describe what you were doing at the moment?
W:Well, I was still sleeping at 6 o’clock. Then there was this horrible sound and the floor was just bouncing and rolling like waves, all at the same time.
Q:What are the speakers talking about?
3.W:Hi, Peter. I was surprised to see you in the class in children’s literature yesterday. Are you also majoring in elementary education?
M:No, I’m not. But as a psychology74 major I can use this to fulfill75 the requirement in developmental psychology.
Q:What do you learn from the conversation?
4.W:Dr. Cassidy. I’m actually fine. It’s just that I’ve been a little tired the last few days, and my stomach is kind of upset.
M:Well, that doesn’t surprise me. I have some news that you might find exciting. You’re pregnant.
Q:What do you know about the woman?
5.W:Mike, how did you enjoy your trip? What did you think of Los Angeles?
M:It was alright. I liked it better than I thought I would. The problem is transportation. The bus service is terrible, and they don’t have a subway.
Q:What does the man think of Los Angeles?
6.W:Dr. Weinstein, should parents let their children watch television or read about the war?
M:If parents are going to let their kids read or watch television coverage76 of the war, it’s important for them to read along and help their kids interpret what they’re reading or seeing.
Q:What should parents do if their children watch television or read about the war?
7.W:Tony, who are the street people? How did they get to be living in the street?
M:Well, some of them lost their jobs, some of them have mental problems, and some of them drink.
Q:Which of the following factors is not mentioned as a cause of becoming street people.?
8.M:Miss Hanson, thank you for sending me this note. I’m sorry to hear Mario is being a problem.
W:I’m not sure what’s happening to Mario. He’s usually an excellent student. He completes all his work and he’s quiet in class. Then, last month, he just changed.
Q:What can you infer from the conversation?
9.W:This is our rock?bottom price, Mr. Li. We can’t make any further concessions77.
M:If that’s the case, there’s not much point in further discussion. We might as well can the whole deal off.
Q:What are the man and the woman doing?
10.W:You don’t look smart this morning. I can see you’re not happy. Come on, what happened?
M:I had never expected this would have happened to me. We had a power failure at home last night and I missed most of football match.
Q:What can we infer from the conversation?
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (11)self?conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12)Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (13)unattractive clothes?
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14)adversely. A person’s self?concept is (15)reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16)reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a (17)profound effect on all areas of their lives.
Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18)They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise. A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one：“You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.” (19)It is clear that, while self?awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing78 it is harmful.
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20)Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self?esteem79, it is important for people to accept their weaknesses as well as their strengths. People’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.
【詳細解答】女士問父母應不應該讓孩子觀看戰爭題材的電視或書籍，醫生說如果讓他們看的話，父母應該陪在旁邊，并幫助他們理解所看或所讀內容。關鍵詞是along（而不是alone）和help sb. interpret（幫助某人理解，即“解釋”）。
【詳細解答】女士說出她的最低價，并表示不能再讓步；男士說既然如此，就無需再討論了，他們將取消整筆交易。關鍵詞是rock bottom price（最低價），can the whole deal off（取消整筆交易，can在此為動詞，表示解雇，取消）。
【詳細解答】從本句結構來看，空處應填一個形容詞，而且修飾thoughts（想法）。羞怯的人心中常?；嵊惺裁囪南敕?？從錄音中很容易聽出worry這個詞的音，但該詞不能作形容詞用。那么以worry的音開頭的形容詞有哪些呢？有worried， worrying， worrisome， worriless。從意思上看，worriless應該去掉。再結合該單詞的后半部分發音，可知應該填worrisome（使人煩惱的）。
【詳細解答】從本句意思來看，說的是上述提及的一些不舒服的感覺會影響人們，所以這種影響肯定是負面的或不利的；再從句子結構來看，前半部分是完整的句子，所以空處應該是一個狀語，只填一個詞的話，那么應是一個副詞。表示“負面的，不利的”含義的一個副詞，再結合發音，可以得知是adversely，本詞是典型的adj. + ly 構成的副詞。
18.【答案】They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise.
【詳細解答】本空要求填一個句子。填句子的基本要求是與前后句在意思上要連貫，沒有語法和拼寫錯誤。本空前面是講羞怯的人對于批評很敏感，后面是說他們通?；崴狄恍┫幕襖椿賾Ρ鶉說某圃?，那么空處的意思應該是講他們對待稱贊的態度，而且這種態度肯定是不高興的。其中有一個關鍵詞compliment，后面已經出現了。再結合發音，可以得知該句是帶有原因狀語從句的一個復合句，從句中難點是unworthy of praise，也可以寫成they don’t deserve praise。
19.【答案】It is clear that， while self-awareness is a healthy quality， overdoing it is harmful.
20.【答案】Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem， it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.
【詳細解答】本句話是回答前面的問句。前面問：羞怯感能否完全消除，或者減弱？作者緊接著側面回答了如何來減弱。當聽到since這個詞引導從句時，應該想到本句又是一個帶狀語從句的復合句。有幾個短語：hand in hand with（手拉手，緊緊相連），as well as（也……，和……一起），關鍵詞有self-esteem（該詞的形近詞前面已經出現了幾次），weakness和strength一對反義詞。在聽第二遍和第三遍時應重點抓住這些短語和關鍵詞，整個句子便可輕松寫出來。
【詳細解答】見文章最后一句話，Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace. 說明人們在日常談話中總會使用一些新的專有詞匯使之成為日常用語。這一思想與答案C一致。
【詳細解答】該段文章的段中有一句話：And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts.說明自然科學、政治學及機械學領域的術語增加最快，只有答案C符合這種說法。
本文講述的美國內戰后發展起來的新興工業——煉油業的相關情況。19世紀50年代一位名叫Samuel M. Kier的人首次煉出了煤油。它的出現取代了鯨油供人們電燈照明。E. L. Drake是第一個鉆井成功的人。他的成功為以后大量的勘探者帶來了取之不盡的財富。
【譯文】許多人開始時認為E. L. Drake搜尋石油的做法是錯誤的。
【詳細解答】根據文章第三段對該事件的描述，得知E. L. Drake這位退休列車長試圖在 Pennsylvania 的Titusville鉆井，但旁觀者認為其行為很不現實甚至很愚蠢，直到他打到70英尺深處打出石油。因此，答案應是C。
【詳細解答】文章第一段第二句話對原油進行了明確的介紹：原油也叫石油，是地下的一種黑色滲出物。這里的“黑色滲出物”也就是第3段談到的E. L. Drake試圖開采的東西，即第4段所謂的black gold（黑色黃金）。因此，正確答案是D。
【詳細解答】文章第4段提到加州淘金熱時，原文寫道：The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement…意思是說（當時人們投入開采“黑色黃金”的）熱潮可以與1848年的加州淘金熱相媲美。這顯然是為了向讀者描述石油被首次發現時帶給人們的激動情緒，因此選C。
【詳細解答】根據文章第一段就得知煤油（B. kerosene）是原油提煉出來的；再根據文章最后一段，得知汽油（A. gasoline）和蠟（C. wax）也是由原油生產而來，所以本題的正確答案應是D。
【詳細解答】根據全文內容，本文主要是介紹煉油的歷史，正確答案是A。選項B, C, D的中心詞分別是“煤油燈”、“加州淘金熱”、“私有財產”，顯然都不妥。
【詳細解答】文章第一段提到：…maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.也就是說，對于將科學繼續進行下去，人們觀點不一。并且下文就不同的觀點進行了詳細的闡述，因此答案C是正確的。與之相比較，其他三個選項均是錯誤的。
【詳細解答】見文章第3段，尤其是最后幾句話，…some of the laws of physics are amended every few years, some are canceled outright, some undergo revised versions of legislative intent as if they were acts of Congress. 得知人類對理論所采取的做法是修正，擯棄，甚至采取立法手段等，因此正確答案是D。
【詳細解答】承接第4段末尾人們對DNA的再認識（But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today’s imagining.），作者在第5段指出了對DNA研究的態度：繼續深入地開展下去。由此確定答案為D。
【詳細解答】文章的最后一段明確指出，It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do.從而清楚地將作者的觀點公之于眾，那就是說，科學剛剛起步，面前的路還很長很長。因此答案應是A。雖然科學取得了很大進展（C），大大改善了人們的生活（B），但這都不是本文的寫作目的。
【詳細解答】文章第一段所述，antidrug education既沒有完全失敗（選項D. a total failure），也不是如選項A，B那樣使所有的人都意識到了吸毒的危害，而是Observed declines in the use of such drugs…即在某種程度上了解了其危害，所以只有C是正確的。
【詳細解答】見文章第一段最后幾行，了解到…Reefer Madness, a widely unrealistic propaganda film against marijuana made in the 1930s.也就是說，這部電影是一部相當不真實的反大麻宣傳影片，因此正確答案是C。
【詳細解答】見文章第1段中部，Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple “all drugs are terrible for you” message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed.明確得知答案是A。
【詳細解答】見文章第1段中部，Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple “all drugs are terrible for you” message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed. 得知吸毒者了解毒品在危害性上差異很大，因此答案是B。
【詳細解答】remind of的意思是“提醒某人某事”；reassure about的意思是“使確信”；consult about的意思是“咨詢某事”；question to沒有這個結構。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是A。
【詳細解答】conceive of的意思是“認為，以為，想象”；consist of的意思是“包括，包含”；confront with的意思是“使某人面對”；conform to的意思是“遵守，遵從，與…相一致”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是A。
【詳細解答】took a chance的意思是“抓住機會”；came to nothing的意思是“化為泡影”；went into action的意思是“開始行動”；got to the point的意思是“適當地，得要領地”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是B。
【詳細解答】in excitement的意思是“激動地”，這在意思上與整個句子的意思不一致；in disappointment的意思是“失望地”，與整句話的意思相一致；in disgust的意思是“憎恨地”，與選項B相比在意思上不夠合適；in expectation的意思是“期望地”，在感情色彩上與整個句子不合拍。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是B。
【詳細解答】oblivious to的意思是“對…不注意”；guilty of的意思是“對…有負罪感”；wary of的意思是“小心的，機警的，慎重的”；subject to的意思是“屈服于”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是A。
【詳細解答】in context的意思是“在上下文中”；in practice的意思是“在實踐中”；in place的意思是“代替”；in case的意思是“萬一”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是B。
【詳細解答】in memory of的意思是“為紀念…”；in search of的意思是“尋找，尋求，試圖發現”；in control of的意思是“管理，掌握”；in need of的意思是“需要”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是D。
【詳細解答】on board的意思是“在船上，在飛機上”；at ease的意思是“放松，稍息”；at leisure的意思是“空閑的，有空的”；at heart的意思是“在心底，實際上”。根據整句話的意思和搭配判斷，我們可知本題的正確答案是B。
【詳細解答】fold是及物動詞，意思是“折疊”；wrap是及物動詞，意思是“把…用…包起來”；roll是及物動詞，意思是“滾動，轉動，把…搓成卷”；slide是不及物動詞，意思是“順著…滑動”。fold the letter是常用短語，意思是“把信折起來”?？鑾?，根據我們的常識判斷，我們也會知道是“把信折起來”。故本題的正確答案選A。
【詳細解答】hit是及物動詞，意思是“擊，打”；beat是及物動詞，意思是“打，戰勝”；rack是及物動詞，意思是“過度剝削”；exhaust是及物動詞，意思是“使筋疲力盡”。結合整句話的意思和結構，我們可知只有rack才能與brains一起構成固定搭配rack one’ s brains。故本題的正確答案選C。
【詳細解答】gave up的意思是“放棄”；gave away的意思是“送掉，贈送”；gave off意思是“發出，釋放出”；gave in意思是“屈服”。結合整句話的意思和結構，我們可知本題內容概要:
【詳解】effect 是名詞，影響，而此處需要動詞，因此改作affect v.
【詳解】concern 后接for 表示“對…表示關注”
這是一篇要求考生就經濟發展和道德墮落這一社會現實進行論述的議論文. 全文分三個部分. 第一段是引言: 引入主題和主題句. 第二段是正文部分: 指出道德墮落的社會現實現象. 第三段結論部分: 總結全文, 提出解決問題的辦法。
Economic Development and Moral Decline
These years, the economy in China is advancing by leaps and bounds. With this swift development, people’s life is better off and they get much more money to spend. But it’s human nature that they want to get even more. Money worship is sweeping80 across the whole country. With the popular misconception that money is everything, many immoral81 social phenomena82 have emerged. One of them is moral decline.
Leaving the theft, robbery aside, corrupt83 conducts are getting more rampant84. For instance, offering and taking bribes85 is becoming increasingly a social malady86 in the privileged class. For businessmen, they have a different morality which permits them to willfully produce ineffective or even dangerous products, advertise their products dishonestly. For some richest persons, they get confused about their life. They are occupied with nothing all day long and don’t know how to make themselves more satisfied, as a result they take drugs, among many other unlawful practices, to seek fun. They have money, but they have lost their aim in life and can’t find happiness.
Am I suggesting that we should discard all the money and go back to the “poor days”? No! the wheel of history can’t be stopped. But if moral decline is the inevitable87 product of the economic development, we can certainly lay down some effective laws to stop the degeneration. If so, a bright and healthy future is sure to come and stay with us!
credit n. 功勞，榮譽， 贊揚；信用，信貸， 賒欠。
to one’s credit: 為某人帶來榮譽。
insight n. 洞察力;
have a quick insight into… 對……有敏銳的洞察力。深刻見解，深入了解；
gain an insight into one’s mind 很了解某人的思想。
integrity n. 正直，誠實;
personality n. (鮮明的)個性
indulge v. 沉溺于；使高興，使享受；縱容，遷就。
conduct v. 經營，處理，管理
advocate v. 提倡，倡導。
confirmation88 n. 證實；確認，批準。
prevail vi 后常接over，意思是：戰勝；流行。
anticipate vt 預料，預期；先發制人，（搶先行動來）阻止。
carry off: 贏得(獎章),成功或輕而易舉地處理或應付。
touch on: 關系到，涉及；（簡單或順便）談到或提到。
be attributed to 歸因于。
be dedicated89 to 把（時間，精力等）用于，把（自己，一生等）獻給（后跟to）。