美國將宣告二氧化碳排放標準
文章來源:未知 文章作者:meng 發布時間:2009-11-24 00:22 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

The US will announce a target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions1 before next month's UN climate summit, according to a White House official.

白宮官方文件顯示,美國將會在下個月聯合國氣候峰會召開之前宣布溫室氣體排放量的目標。

US draft legislation is being re-visited to take account of coal interests
US draft legislation is being re-visited to take account of coal interests

The target is expected to be in line with figures contained in legislation before the Senate - a reduction of about 17-20% from 2005 levels by 2020.

The absence of a US target has widely been seen as the single biggest obstacle(障礙) to agreement at the summit.

President Barack Obama has not yet decided2 whether to attend the talks.

At the weekend, the hosts of the Copenhagen conference announced that more than 60 heads of state and government had pledged to take part in the two-week negotiating session.

Mr Obama will join them if it appears that his presence would increase chances of the 192 parties reaching agreement, the official indicated.

"There's been recognition that if we want to keep momentum3(動力,要素) going, numbers have to be put on the table," said Peter Bahouth, executive director of the US Climate Action Network, a network of organisations lobbying for action on the issue.

"There's been pressure for the US to come (to Copenhagen) with its hands full rather than empty, and I think what we're seeing are the results of that."

In the last week, Mr Obama has discussed climate change with a number of other world leaders including Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, President Hu Jintao of China and Japan's Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama.

Domestic delays

Although Mr Obama campaigned on a promise to cut emissions, and pledged global leadership on climate change on assuming office, the US position has been constrained4(被強迫的,拘泥的) by delays in putting legislation to curb5(抑制,束縛) greenhouse gas emissions through Congress.

The House of Representatives passed a bill in June that would cap emissions and establish a national carbon trading scheme.

But progress of a similar bill through the Senate is not likely before March at the earliest.

Administration officials have indicated that the targets are being discussed with senior senators in an attempt to ensure that the Senate will back whatever target Mr Obama takes to Copenhagen.

It is not clear when the target will emerge, but there are now less than two weeks before the summit opens on 7 December.

There will also be pressure internationally for the US to say how much money it is prepared to transfer to poorer countries to help them fight climate change, as it is bound to(必然,不得不) do under the UN climate convention(大會,協定).



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1 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名詞復數 ); 散發物(尤指氣體)
參考例句:
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多數科學家都相信氣候變化與排放的含碳氣體有關。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危險的輻射物從钚放散出來。
2 decided lvqzZd     
adj.決定了的,堅決的;明顯的,明確的
參考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
3 momentum DjZy8     
n.動力,沖力,勢頭;動量
參考例句:
  • We exploit the energy and momentum conservation laws in this way.我們就是這樣利用能量和動量守恒定律的。
  • The law of momentum conservation could supplant Newton's third law.動量守恒定律可以取代牛頓第三定律。
4 constrained YvbzqU     
adj.束縛的,節制的
參考例句:
  • The evidence was so compelling that he felt constrained to accept it. 證據是那樣的令人折服,他覺得不得不接受。
  • I feel constrained to write and ask for your forgiveness. 我不得不寫信請你原諒。
5 curb LmRyy     
n.場外證券市場,場外交易;vt.制止,抑制
參考例句:
  • I could not curb my anger.我按捺不住我的憤怒。
  • You must curb your daughter when you are in church.你在教堂時必須管住你的女兒。
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