新研究:熟不一定能生巧
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-08-22 02:51 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
With blatant1 disregard for the public benefits of motivational idioms, researchers have concluded that practice does not, necessarily, make perfect.
 
近日,一些研究人員公然無視熟能生巧的普世道理,得出結論說:熟不一定能生巧。
 
A study of violinists found that merely good players practised as much as, if not more than, better players, leaving other factors such as quality of tuition, learning skills and perhaps natural talent to account for the difference.
 
The work is the latest blow to the 10,000-hour rule, the idea promoted in Malcolm Gladwell's 2008 book, Outliers, which has been taken to mean that enough practice will make an expert of anyone. In the book, Gladwell states that "ten thousand hours is the magic number of greatness".
 
"The idea has become really entrenched2 in our culture, but it's an oversimplification," said Brooke Macnamara, a psychologist at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. "When it comes to human skill, a complex combination of environmental factors, genetic3 factors and their interactions explains the performance differences across people."
 
The seed for the 10,000-hour rule was a 1993 study of violinists and pianists which found that accumulated practice time rose with musical prowess. On average, top-ranked violinists had clocked up 10,000 hours of practice by the age of 20, though many had actually put in fewer hours. In the study, the authors rejected an important role for natural talent and argued that differences in ability, even among top musicians, were largely down to how much they practised. Gladwell seized on the round number to explain the success of notables from Bill Gates to the Beatles.


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1 blatant ENCzP     
adj.厚顏無恥的;顯眼的;炫耀的
參考例句:
  • I cannot believe that so blatant a comedy can hoodwink anybody.我無法相信這么顯眼的一出喜劇能夠欺騙誰。
  • His treatment of his secretary was a blatant example of managerial arrogance.他管理的傲慢作風在他對待秘書的態度上表露無遺。
2 entrenched MtGzk8     
adj.確立的,不容易改的(風俗習慣)
參考例句:
  • Television seems to be firmly entrenched as the number one medium for national advertising.電視看來要在全國廣告媒介中牢固地占據頭等位置。
  • If the enemy dares to attack us in these entrenched positions,we will make short work of them.如果敵人膽敢進攻我們固守的陣地,我們就消滅他們。
3 genetic PgIxp     
adj.遺傳的,遺傳學的
參考例句:
  • It's very difficult to treat genetic diseases.遺傳性疾病治療起來很困難。
  • Each daughter cell can receive a full complement of the genetic information.每個子細胞可以收到遺傳信息的一個完全補償物。
TAG標簽: skill practice players
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